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1918 Portugal 1 Centavo coin pendant Portuguese Quinas Lisbon Porto Vila Nova de Gaia Amadora Belém Tower Beja Pena Palace Castles n001056

  • $26.95

Portugal 1 Centavo {1917-1922} 13S 

6E, 5a, 2e

front: National coat of arms - armillary sphere under Portuguese shield {5 Quinas}

After the official recognition of the Kingdom of Portugal as an independent country in 1143, 5 silver bezants were added to the blue cross of the shield, symbolising coins and the right of the monarch to issue currency.

Late explanations interpret them as the five wounds of Jesus Christ, also a traditional legend explains that these escutcheons represent the five moor kings defeated by King Afonso I of Portugal in the battle of Ourique.

From the fixation of the number of bezants in five, each of the escutcheons of the Portuguese shield became popularly referred as a quina (quincunx). By synecdoche, the term "Five Quinas" or simply the "Quinas" came to be used.

The golden castles surrounding the quoins supposedly represent the Moorish castles conquered by the Kingdom of Portugal during the Reconquista. Their origin is probably Castilian.

• quantity 1
• demonetized {no longer in circulation} polished Bronze coin
• diameter: 19 mm
• weight: 3 g

CHOOSE FROM DROP DOWN MENU {2.4 mm thick cords}
• 22" black cotton necklace with lobster clasp
• 24” brass ball chain {lightweight 5 g}
• 2-1/2" brass snake keychain with snap end {see last photo} 
• no chain or cord

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Vila Nova de Gaia Amadora Belém Tower Beja Pena Palace Castles

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