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1964 Sierra Leone 1/2 Cent coin earring bonga shad fish Freetown Koidu Town Sefadu fishing alosinae shads herring Mendi Limba creole e000158

  • $33.95

1964 Sierra Leone 1/2 Cent {1 year issue} 5S 3L

front: 2 fishes
Ethmalosa fimbriata, the Bonga shad, is an important fish resource in coastal lagoons

Bonga is very important in West African coastal and lagoon fishing communities and it is an important food source in West and Central Africa. It is usually smoke-dried for 2 to 5 days, depending on size and on the market. Smoke-drying is done over a fire. The fish is placed on sticks, bars or wire mesh trays about 1 m from the floor. A fire is lit on the floor and the fish is first cooked over a high fire, then the fire is reduced to a smoldering fire which is kept going for as long as necessary. Smoking "ovens" can be open without walls or closed with walls either in the outside air or inside a smoke house. A hard-smoked bonga can be kept for several months in ambient conditions.

Smoke-drying of fish is essentially a drying process to preserve the product in the absence of refrigeration. It is different from fish smoking as it is known in Europe, USA, Canada, etc., where it is applied to impart taste, such as smoked salmon (cold smoked) or smoked eel (hot smoked) which must be stored under refrigeration.

back: Head of Sir Milton Margai facing right

• quantity 1 pair
• polished Bronze coins
• diameter: 20 mm
• weight: 2.85 g

• Style: steel fish hook ear wires with 6x2 mm coil
• Metal: gold plated surgical steel for sensitive ears
• Length: 19 mm top to bottom of loop in front
• Thickness: 21 gauge
• rubber stoppers included

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