1982 to 2003 United Kingdom 20 pence coin pendant English crown Tudor Rose England London floral flower Yorkshire Lancaster necklace n000054
front: crowned Tudor rose
The Tudor rose (sometimes called the Union rose) is the traditional floral heraldic emblem of England and takes its name and origins from the Tudor dynasty.
When Henry VII took the crown of England from Richard III in battle (1485), he brought the end of the retrospectively-dubbed 'Wars of the Roses' between the House of Lancaster (one monarch of which had sometimes used the badge of a red or gold rose) and the House of York (which had lately used a white-rose badge). Henry's father was Edmund Tudor from the House of Richmond (maternally), and his mother was Margaret Beaufort from the House of Lancaster; in January 1486 he married Elizabeth of York to bring all factions together. (In battle, Richard III fought under the banner of the boar, and Henry under the banner of the dragon of his native Wales.) The white rose versus red rose juxtaposition was Henry's invention.
back: The head of Queen Elizabeth II, wearing the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" Tiara
• quantity 1
• demonetized design (no longer in mintage) polished Copper-nickel coin
• diameter: 21
• weight: 5 g
• comes with a 24" silver plated ball chain
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